新时代我国保护性开采特定矿种管理政策分析与研究
投稿时间:2019-08-02  修订日期:2020-07-01  点此下载全文
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作者单位E-mail
王建忠 自然资源部油气资源战略研究中心 wangjz@sinooilgas.org.cn 
许书平 自然资源部油气资源战略研究中心  
陈志广 自然资源部油气资源战略研究中心  
孔宁 自然资源部油气资源战略研究中心  
中文摘要:国家高度重视稀土等重要战略矿产资源,尤其在近期中美贸易争端加剧背景下,更加凸显其特殊性和重要性。文章系统梳理了我国保护性开采特定矿种管理政策,分析了目前存在的4方面问题,包括:动态调整机制尚未建立,开发利用监管执行不到位,产业集中度相对较低,查明资源储量下降等。按照新时代新发展理念,提出了4方面政策建议,包括:明确保护性开采特定矿种的法律地位、加快建立动态调整机制,完善监管机制、促进全产业链协调发展,突出绿色发展,提高开发利用水平、更加注重生态安全,完善重要矿产地的储备、保障资源安全等。
中文关键词:保护性开采特定矿种  矿产资源  管理政策  生态安全  资源保障
 
Analysis and Research on Management Policy of the Protective Minerals in the new Era
Abstract:The state attaches great importance to strategic mineral resources such as rare earths, especially in the context of the recent Sino-US trade disputes, which further highlights its particularity and importance. The article systematically sorts out the specific mining management policies for protective minerals, and analyzes four existing problems, including: the dynamic adjustment mechanism has not yet been established, the development and utilization of supervision and implementation is not in place, the industrial concentration is relatively low, and the resource reserves are continuously declining. In accordance with the new development concept of the new era, four policy recommendations were proposed, including: defining the legal status of specific mining for specific mining, accelerating the establishment of a dynamic adjustment mechanism, improving the regulatory mechanism, promoting the coordinated development of the entire industrial chain, emphasizing the concept of green development, and improving the level of development and utilization. Pay more attention to ecological security, improve the reserves of important mineral deposits, and ensure the safety of resources supply.
keywords:protective minerals  mineral resources  management policy  ecological security  resource protection
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