新形势下关于省级油气监管工作的思考及建议
投稿时间:2019-05-21  修订日期:2019-12-17  点此下载全文
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蒙春 页岩气勘探开发国家地方联合工程研究中心重庆地质矿产研究院 912826986@qq.com 
张烨 页岩气勘探开发国家地方联合工程研究中心重庆地质矿产研究院  
陆朝晖 页岩气勘探开发国家地方联合工程研究中心重庆地质矿产研究院  
郭晓中 页岩气勘探开发国家地方联合工程研究中心重庆地质矿产研究院  
卜小平 自然资源部油气资源战略研究中心  
文雅萍 自然资源部油气资源战略研究中心  
基金项目:自然资源部油气资源战略研究中心项目“油气勘查开采监督管理部省联动机制相关问题研究”
中文摘要:当前油气监管面临市场主体数量和类型增加、地质和生态环境风险亟需加强管控以及需要往“事中事后监管”和“双随机、一公开”监管”等方向进行监管方式升级的新形势,对省级管理部门进一步发挥监管作用,部省合力开展油气监管提出了现实要求。省级油气监管长期以来较为被动,参与度低,配合自然资源部每年实施油气督察是其主要内容。虽然目前涉及油气资源的省份均完成了油气督察队伍建立,近年来部分代表省份也以非常规油气为示范主动开展了一些监管工作探索,但省级油气监管仍然存在工作依据不足、未形成规范化的工作体系、缺少开展监管的必要基础资料等问题,一定程度上造成省级管理部门实施油气督察形式较单一、对矿业权人督促效果不强,油气勘查开采工作推进受限以及油气资源开采所在地人居环境和安全面临较大风险等后果。针对上述问题,本文提出加强省级油气监管工作的建议:(1)完善监管网络,促进监管力量重心下移;(2)加强“事中、事后”监管,健全全过程监管机制;(3)增强对油气勘查开采工作的政策指导,促进协调服务制度完善;(4)构建省级油气监管诚信体系,落实监管成果使用;(5)加强油气监管信息化建设,以信息化手段提高监管效能。
中文关键词:省级监管  油气监管  监管方式  全过程
 
Thoughts and suggestions on provincial oil and gas resources regulation under the new situation
Abstract:Oil and gas regulation faces a new situation,which includes: the number and type of market entities is increasing, geological and ecological environmental risks need to be strengthened and regulatory approach needs to be upgraded. This calls for the provincial administrative department playing a stronger supervisory role. Provincial oil and gas supervision has been relatively passive for a long time, with low participation, whose main job is to cooperate with the Ministry of Natural Resources to implement oil and gas inspection. Although the provinces involved in oil and gas resources have established oil and gas inspectors, and some representative provinces also took the initiative to carry out some supervision work with unconventional oil and gas as a demonstration, provincial oil and gas supervision still has problems which include insufficient working basis, lack of standardized work system, lack of the necessary basic information for regulation. Some consequences are caused such as relatively simple of oil and gas inspector form, weak supervision of mining rights holders, limitation of oil and gas exploration and greater risk of habitat environment and safety in the location where oil and gas resources are mined. Thus, suggestions to strengthen provincial oil and gas supervision work is proposed in this paper which include: (1)improve the regulatory network and promote the shift of the focus of regulatory power; (2)strengthen supervision of "in-the-post and after-the-fact" and improve the whole process supervision mechanism; (3) strengthen policy guidance on oil and gas exploration and mining, and promote the improvement of service system; (4) establish a provincial-level oil and gas regulatory credit system and implement the use of regulatory results; (5) strengthen the construction of oil and gas supervision information, and improve the regulatory efficiency.
keywords:provincial regulation  oil and gas resources regulation  regulation methods  full process
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