南非矿产工业的现状、挑战和前景
投稿时间:2018-07-31  修订日期:2018-08-23  点此下载全文
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作者单位E-mail
何金祥 国土资源部信息中心 jxhe@infomail.mlr.gov.cn 
中文摘要:南非是世界性矿业大国,对世界矿产品市场有重要影响。本文首先分析了南非矿业的发展现状,然后讨论了所面临的问题和挑战,包括恶化的生态环境、不断升高的矿山生产成本和老化的矿山、不乐观的矿山劳动安全、不断减少的矿业投资等。在此基础上,笔者简要讨论了南非矿产工业的发展前景问题,认为尽管有挑战,但与其它国家相比,南非矿业仍存在一系列比较优势和较大发展潜力。笔者进一步认为,只要化挑战为动力、落实好各项行动计划和创新政策,南非矿业仍会有一个辉煌的未来。
中文关键词:南非  矿产工业  现状  挑战  前景
 
Current Situations, Challenges and Prospects for the Mining Industry of South Africa
Abstract:South Africa is a major mining country in the world and has an important enfluence on the world market of the mineral products. In this paper the current development status of the mining industry of South Africa and its issues and challenges are analysed and discussed, and future development prospects are analysed and foreseen here. The author thinks, compared with other countries, South African mining industry still has a series of comparative advantages and a good potential for development. The author predicts that, so long as the challenges are transformed into dynamics and various strategic plans and innovative policies are well implemented , the mining industry of South Africa can still have bright prospects.
keywords:South Africa  Mining industry  Status  Challenge  Prospect
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