生态安全格局理论在矿产资源总体规划中的应用初探
投稿时间:2018-07-03  修订日期:2019-08-17  点此下载全文
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作者单位E-mail
张明花 福建省地质工程勘察院 福建 福州 350002福建省地质工程研究院 福建 福州 350002 minghuazh@163.com 
中文摘要:面对日益突出的人口、资源、环境和社会经济发展矛盾,全球开始高度重视生态安全研究,生态安全格局作为协调生态系统服务和人类社会发展的桥梁,目前被视为区域生态安全和社会经济发展的关键环节。本文在梳理生态安全格局及其应用研究进展基础上,探讨将生态安全格局引入矿产资源总体规划的必要性;从区域人地系统全局出发,按照生态优先的原则,提出了基于生态安全格局矿产资源总体规划的基本框架,明确了基于生态安全格局矿产资源总体规划与传统规划的区别、基本原则、主体内容以及实现方法;最后提出基于生态安全格局矿产资源总体规划实践建议。
中文关键词:生态安全格局  矿产资源规划  应用  地理信息系统(GIS)
 
The Application of Ecological Security Patterns in General Mineral Resources Planning
Abstract:Due to the continuous urbanization, natural ecosystems are under enormous pressure. Hence, there is an intensifying contradiction between economic development and ecological protection.The ecological security patterns(ESPs ) construction directly affects the balance between social development and ecological conservation, and thus it has become the key to solving ecological problems and improving human well- being. By research progresses on the ecological security pattern and its practical application , We find that general mineral resources planning based on ESPs is feasible.Then the main deficiencies were indicated and summarized between general mineral resources planning based on ESP and not. Furthermore, a research framework of regional ESP’s general mineral resources planning was proposed with the concept that “ecology goes first”,”sustainable development”,”Systematic” etc.According to this framework, general mineral resources planning contains the main content as follows:regional ecological security analysis,regional ESP construction,land use zoning and optimizing the layout of? mineral resources development and utilization,ecological rehabilitation planing in mining areas.The results show that most of researches take multi-disciplinary approaches, which makes?geographic information system?(GIS),spatial econometric analysis and space statistical analysis,based on diagnostic index of geography.Finally, we put forward four main directions for future research.
keywords:ecological security pattern  general mineral resources planning  application  geographic information system(GIS)
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