酸化对富有机质页岩孔隙结构影响的试验研究
投稿时间:2018-04-27  修订日期:2019-04-07  点此下载全文
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作者单位E-mail
陈天宇 东北大学 深部金属矿山安全开采教育部重点实验室 chen_tianyu0526@163.com 
王泽栋 东北大学 深部金属矿山安全开采教育部重点实验室  
肖智方 东北大学 深部金属矿山安全开采教育部重点实验室  
郑江捷 东北大学 深部金属矿山安全开采教育部重点实验室  
李荣艳 东北大学 深部金属矿山安全开采教育部重点实验室  
周 密 东北大学 深部金属矿山安全开采教育部重点实验室  
基金项目:学生创新能力培养与提升计划(03040022116001),国家自然科学基金(51609038),教育部基本科研业务费(N160104002)
中文摘要:我国页岩气储量居世界首位,随着能源的日益紧缺,页岩气开采尤为迫切。页岩致密低渗,为提高页岩产量,必须利用增产措施提高储层渗透率。酸化预处理可有效改善岩石孔隙结构,增强孔隙的连通性,进而提高页岩渗透率及产气量。本试验采用质量分数3%氢氟酸和10%盐酸的混合酸对湖南牛蹄塘组页岩样品进行了酸化浸泡处理,通过超景深显微镜观察了不同酸化时长下页岩层理,裂隙和孔隙结构特征的演化规律,统计了页岩孔隙直径、频次、频率及孔隙度随时间的变化趋势,分析了酸化对页岩内部气体流动的影响。实验结果表明:①牛蹄塘组页岩中的脆性矿物沿层理发育,酸化处理后长石及石英矿物强烈溶蚀,可形成沿层理发育的裂隙;②随酸化时长增加,页岩表面石英、长石的出露面积先增大后减小,酸化后期,脆性矿物与周围矿物间孔隙明显增加,孔隙向深部腐蚀且呈现连通的趋势;③酸化使页岩原始致密的单一孔隙结构转变为裂隙和孔隙并存的双重介质结构。孔隙度随酸化时间的增加呈先增加后降低的趋势,现场生产中应综合考虑储层特性和酸岩反应,设计最优作用时间。
中文关键词:页岩  酸化  层理  裂隙  孔隙  统计特征
 
Study on the influence of acidification on organic-rich shale pores structure
Abstract:China"s shale gas reservation ranks first in the world. With the increasing shortage of energy sources, extraction of shale gas is getting particularly urgent. Gas shale is tight and Low-permeability, thus, stimulation treatment is necessarily needed to increase the reservoir permeability for commercialized production of the shale gas. Acidification pretreatment can effectively improve the shale pore structure and enhance the connectivity among shale pores, thus increases the shale permeability and gas production. In this experiment, the acidity treatment to the Niutitang Formation shale samples were carried out under the mixed acid of hydrofluoric acid and hydrochloric acid, the mass fractions of which are 3.0% and 10.0% respectively. The evolution law of beddings, fractures, and pore structure on acidized shale samples for different durations were observed by an optical microscope. The trends of pores diameter, pore quantity, pore frequency and porosity change with time of shale were summarized, and the influence of acidification on the shale gas flow was analyzed. Experimental results show: The brittle minerals in the shale of the Niutitang Formation develop along bedding. Feldspar and quartz are strongly dissolved during the process of acidization, which can form fractures along the bedding. The exposed area of quartz and feldspar increased during the initial stage of acidization and decreased during the later stage of acidization. At the later period of acidification, the pores among brittle minerals and surrounding minerals increased obviously and were eroded deeply, which presented a connective tendency; Acidification transforms the structure of the shale samples from single-pore structure to a dual-medium structure made up with fissures and pores. With the duration of acidification, the porosity of the shale samples increases at first and then decreases. The characteristics of the reservoir and the acid-rock reaction should be comprehensively considered in the production of shale gas to design an optimal operating time.
keywords:Shale  acidification  bedding  fracture  pore  statistical characterization.
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