关闭矿山社会生态系统恢复力评价研究 ——以徐州市大黄山矿区为例
投稿时间:2018-03-02  修订日期:2018-12-01  点此下载全文
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作者单位E-mail
尚志敏 中国矿业大学 zmshang@cumt.edu.cn 
张绍良 中国矿业大学  
侯湖平 中国矿业大学 hphou@163.com 
米家鑫 中国矿业大学  
刘润 中国矿业大学  
基金项目:矿山土地生态系统恢复力研究
中文摘要:立足恢复力思维基础理论,为矿区制定可持续发展战略提供策略依据,以徐州市大黄山矿区为研究对象,从社会、生态、经济三大系统遴选18个指标,构建矿区社会生态系统恢复力评价指标体系,运用集对分析法评价系统恢复力,揭示大黄山矿区闭矿以来恢复力变化趋势。结果表明:①2000年-2014年间大黄山镇社会生态系统受到的扰动指数居于0.43-0.54之间,应对能力指数从0.23上升到0.77。②2000年-2014年间大黄山镇社会生态系统总恢复力指数从0.32上升到0.72。③经济发展水平对矿区社会生态恢复力的影响较大,是矿区转型发展的主要支撑。
中文关键词:社会生态系统  恢复力评价  集对分析  大黄山矿区
 
Study on the evaluation of social-ecological systems resilience in the closed mine——A Case study of the Dahuangshan mining area of Xuzhou
Abstract:Based on the basic theory of resilience, this paper provides a strategic basis for the formulation of sustainable development strategies in the mining area. Taking the Dahuangshan mining area in Xuzhou City as the research object,18 indexes are selected from three major systems of society, ecology and economy to construct the assessment index system of resilience of the social-ecological systems in the mining area, using set pair analysis method to evaluate the resilience of the system and reveal the change curve of system resilience since the mine was closed. The results show that: ① The disturbance index of social-ecological system in Dahuanghuangshan Town ranged from 0.43-0.54 between 2000 and 2014, and the resilience index rose from 0.23 to 0.77. ② From 2000 to 2014, the total resilience index of social-ecological in Dahuanghuangshan rose from 0.32 to 0.72. ③ The level of economic development has a great influence on the social ecological resilience of the mining area and is the main support for the transformation and development of the mining area.
keywords:social-ecological systems, resilience evaluation, set pair analysis (SPA), Dahuangshan mining area
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