天然气价格承受能力研究综述
投稿时间:2018-02-27  修订日期:2018-12-18  点此下载全文
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作者单位E-mail
芮旭涛 中国石油大学北京工商管理学院
中国石油天然气股份有限公司规划总院 
ruixutao@petrochina.com.cn 
冯连勇 中国石油大学北京工商管理学院 fenglyenergy@163.com 
赵连增 中国石油天然气股份有限公司规划总院  
中文摘要:天然气价格承受能力反映天然气用户对天然气价格的承载能力,其价格形式表现为可承受天然气价格。与市场价格不同,可承受天然气价格法通过市场供需关系进行量化,它反映的是用户愿意购买天然气所能承受的最高价格。对于能源价格承受能力的研究,国外学者主要通过寻找消费者购买单位产品所愿意支付的最高价格(即WTP)来研究能源价格承受能力,国内学者经过多年探索,也初步构建了天然气价格承受能力理论体系。对国外有关能源价格承受能力的研究进行了介绍,对国内天然气价格承受能力文献进行了归纳,并系统梳理了天然气价格承受能力理论体系,提出未来研究发展的主要方向,包括:(1)针对不同类型用户深入研究广义可承受天然气价格。(2)利用天然气需求曲线定量研究天然气市场。(3)基于价格承受能力理论体系研究我国天然气市场价格形成机制。
中文关键词:天然气价格  承受能力 可承受价格  计算方法 需求曲线  价格均衡
 
A summary of natural gas price affordability
Abstract:The affordability of natural gas price reflects the carrying capacity of natural gas users to natural gas prices, which is characterized by affordable natural gas prices. Unlike market prices, affordable natural gas prices reflect the highest prices that users are willing to pay for natural gas and rather than quantified by supply and demand. For the research of energy price affordability, foreign scholars mainly study the energy price affordability by finding the highest price (WTP) that consumers are willing to pay for purchasing unit products. After many years of exploration, domestic scholars have also constructed the theory of natural gas affordability system. This paper introduced the researches on the energy price affordability and summarized literatures about domestic natural gas price affordability. Then the theoretical system of natural gas price affordability is systematically combed. The farther researches and development directions are put forward, including: 1)making intensive study on generalized affordable natural gas prices for different users.2)quantitative analysis on natural gas market with natural gas demand curve.3) natural gas price formation mechanism study based on affordability of natural gas price theory.
keywords:Natural gas price  Affordability  Affordable price  Calculation method  Demand curve  Price equilibrium
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