采煤沉陷湿地景观格局与水文过程研究进展
投稿时间:2017-08-10  修订日期:2018-01-03  点此下载全文
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作者单位E-mail
周士园 中国矿业大学力学与土木工程学院 ziwuxian0311@163.com 
常 江 中国矿业大学力学与土木工程学院 changjang102@163.com 
罗萍嘉 中国矿业大学建筑与设计学院  
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(面上项目,重点项目,重大项目)
中文摘要:开采沉陷对煤炭资源型城市的生态环境形成了强烈扰动,在我国东部高潜水平原地区产生了大量的地表积水并逐步形成湿地景观。景观格局与水文过程的变化规律是研究采煤沉陷湿地形成与演变的关键内容,已经成为矿区生态修复和保障资源型城市生态安全的重要课题。重点归纳了采煤沉陷湿地景观格局演变特征分析的方法,包括景观格局指数分析、景观动态变化模型的应用,同时综述了采煤沉陷湿地景观格局演变驱动力研究的进展。水文过程方面,总结了采煤沉陷湿地水文情势、水文循环以及水文过程和景观格局的互相作用三个方面的研究成果。最后从景观格局与水文过程的耦合机制、生态服务功能的综合利用、区域性景观格局优化的角度阐述了对未来研究趋势的展望。
中文关键词:开采沉陷  人工湿地  资源型城市  生态修复
 
Research Advance in Mining Subsidence Wetland Landscape Pattern and Hydrological Process
Abstract:Mining subsidence has a strong disturbance to the ecological environment of resource-based cities which produces a large amount of surface water and forms wetland gradually in the high diving plain of eastern China. The change of landscape pattern and hydrological process is the key content of the research on the formation and evolution of mining subsidence wetlands. It has become an important subject of ecological restoration of mining area and protecting resource-based city ecological security. In this paper, the analyzing method of landscape pattern change of mining subsidence wetland analysis is summarized, including landscape pattern index and landscape dynamic model. In addition, the driving forces of mining landscape pattern change has been summarized systematically. This paper also presents a comprehensive review of hydrologic process, including hydrologic regime, hydrologic cycle, the interaction between hydrological processes and landscape patterns. Therefore intensive research from the realm of wetland science should be developed. Finally the research focus on the future development from the perspectives of the coupling mechanism of landscape pattern and hydrological process, comprehensive utilization of ecological service function and optimization for regional landscape pattern.
keywords:mining subsidence  constructed wetland  resource-based city  ecological rehabilitation
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