生态产品价值实现视域下矿山废弃地生态修复与重建
投稿时间:2019-10-08  修订日期:2020-02-26  点此下载全文
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作者单位E-mail
刘向敏 中国自然资源经济研究院 liuxiangmin2015@163.com 
中文摘要:开展矿山废弃地生态修复与重建、提高矿山废弃地生态产品输出能力是生态文明建设的一项重要内容。针对历史遗留和修复责任主体灭失的矿山废弃地,本文探讨其所输出的生态产品概念和内涵。基于投入主体和修复方向角度,总结矿山废弃地修复治理的主要方式。在对矿山废弃地分类基础上,分析矿山废弃地输出的生态产品价值实现困境:生态产品价值依附于土地再利用产生的经济收益中,无法单独体现。根据矿山废弃地输出的生态产品价值实现的阶段特性,提出生态产品价值实现途径:提高矿山废弃地输出的生态产品数量和品质,夯实生态产品价值实现基础;完善生态产品价值实现机制,激励多方主体修复治理。
中文关键词:矿山废弃地  生态修复与重建;生态产品;价值实现
 
Ecological restoration and reconstruction of mining wasteland from the perspective of value realization of ecological products
Abstract:It is an important content of ecological civilization construction to carry out ecological restoration and reconstruction of mining wasteland and to improve the export capacity of ecological products of mining wasteland. The mining wasteland in this paper refers to the mine wasteland left over by history and lost by the responsible subjects. The concept and connotation of the ecological products exported from the mining wasteland are discussed. The general ways of government investment in mining wasteland governance and the typical ways of social funds participating in the governance are summarized. Based on the classification of mining wasteland, the dilemma of realizing the value of ecological products exported from mining wasteland is analyzed. The value of ecological products depends on the economic benefits of the land reuse, which cannot be reflected separately. Finally, according to the stage characteristics of the ecological products exported mining wasteland, the ways to realize the value of ecological products exported from mining wasteland are put forward: Increase the quantity and quality of ecological products in order to make a solid foundation for realizing the value of ecological products. Improve the mechanism to realize the value of ecological products in order to encourage various subjects to invest in restoration.
keywords:mining wasteland  ecological restoration and reconstruction  ecological products  value realization  
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