我国石油资源资产经济价值估算研究
投稿时间:2020-08-24  修订日期:2020-09-01  点此下载全文
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作者单位E-mail
李 娜 中国自然资源经济研究院 lina2202@163.com 
褚王涛 中国石化石油勘探开发研究院  
基金项目:自然资源部部门预算项目(项目编号:121102000000180056 )
中文摘要:石油资源资产是矿产资源资产的重要组成部分,开展石油资源资产经济价值估算工作具有重要的现实意义。本文针对我国石油资源的特点,结合前人研究,分矿业权有偿取得和有偿开采两个阶段阐述了我国石油资源资产经济价值估算的思路和方法。有偿取得阶段采用矿业权出让市场基准价乘以对应矿区面积和调节系数的方法估算经济价值;有偿开采阶段采用“净价法”估算原油井口价格乘以对应的探明技术可采储量、减去成本后再乘以行业利润率的方法估算经济价值。同时针对有偿取得阶段理论与实践估算结果的差异性和有偿开采阶段部分数据获取难度较大等问题提出了相关建议:一是建立经济价值估算价格体系;二是调整目标单元,提高估算结果精度;三是必要时政府适度调控国内原油价格,尽量减小国际油价波动对国内原油价格的影响。
中文关键词:石油资源  资产  经济价值  价值估算
 
Research on economic value estimation of petroleum resources assets in China
Abstract:petroleum resource assets are an important part of mineral resources assets. It is of great practical significance to estimate the economic value of petroleum resources assets. According to the characteristics of China’s oil resources, combined with previous studies, the authors analyze the idea and method of economic value estimation of petroleum resources assets in China from two stages of paid acquisition of mining rights and paid exploitation. The calculation method of paid acquisition stage adopts the market benchmark price of mining rights transfer multiplied by the corresponding mining area and adjustment coefficient. The “net price method” is used to estimate the wellhead price of crude oil multiplied by the corresponding proven technical recoverable reserves, minus the cost and then multiplied by the industry yield. At the same time, according to the differences between the theoretical and practical estimation results in the paid acquisition stage and the difficulty in obtaining part of the data in the paid mining stage, the relevant suggestions are put forward. One is to establish a price system for economic value estimation; the second is to adjust the target unit to improve the accuracy of estimation results; the third is that the government should adjust and control the price of domestic crude oil to reduce the impact of international oil price fluctuation on domestic crude oil price.
keywords:petroleum resources  assets  economic value  value estimation
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