金属矿产资源经济重要性评估
投稿时间:2018-10-08  修订日期:2018-11-26  点此下载全文
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作者单位E-mail
李芳琴 中国地质科学院全球矿产资源战略研究中心 lifangqin.1@163.com 
李建武 中国地质科学院全球矿产资源战略研究中心  
基金项目:战略性新兴矿产资源安全跟踪与动态评价子项目资助(编号:DD20160084)
中文摘要:金属矿产资源是工业发展之基,生产之要,是关系国民经济全局的重要矿产资源。其作为原材料处在整个生产链的前端,输入不同的经济部门,形成最终产品,进而通过消费支撑经济发展。那么,在这一过程中,金属矿产资源发挥的效用以及评估金属矿产资源对经济的重要程度是一个重要的工作。本文独立于矿种市场规模的大小、价格的高低,采用价值增值链的方法,根据金属矿产资源的最终用途以及它们所流动部门的增加值来评估其对经济的重要性,同时,将资源替代纳入经济重要性的计算。计算结果表明:2016年我国“三稀”金属矿产资源对经济重要性排序较为靠前,在前八位中占据了五位,分别为:锗、锆、铟、铍、稀土;其次是有色金属,锑、锡、钴、铜等均相对靠前;之后为贵金属中的银和铂族;黑色金属排序相对较为靠后。
中文关键词:金属矿产资源  经济重要性 制造业  增加值
 
Economic importance assessment of metal mineral resources
Abstract:Metal mineral resources are the foundation of industrial development, the basis of production, is an important mineral resources related to the overall national economy. Metal mineral resources are at the front of the whole production chain as raw materials, are imported into different economic sectors, into the final product, and then through consumption to support economic development. In this process, the role of metal mineral resources and the assessment of the importance of metal mineral resources to the economy is an important work. This article avoids the market scale and price of metal minerals, the value-added chain method is used to evaluate the economic importance of metal mineral resources according to the final use of mineral resources and the added value of the corresponding departments, at the same time, resource substitution is included in the calculation of economic importance. The results show that germanium, zirconium, indium, beryllium, rare earth, cadmium, tantalum and lithium are the most important economic metals, followed by non-ferrous metals such as antimony, tin, cobalt and copper, followed by silver and platinum, and finally by ferrous metals.
keywords:metal mineral resources  economic importance  manufacturing industry  added value
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