我国石墨资源特点及储量前景(增刊)
投稿时间:2016-10-08  修订日期:2016-10-12  点此下载全文
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作者单位E-mail
蔡惠慧 中国地质大学北京地球科学与资源学院 caihuihui6@126.com 
李永胜 中国地质调查局发展研究中心  
罗小利 中国国土资源经济研究院  
基金项目:地质调查项目“整装勘查区找矿预测与技术应用示范” (编号:121201004000150017),地质调查专项“重要矿种勘查358目标成果动态跟踪与集成”(编号:12120113090000)联合资助。
中文摘要:石墨矿是重要的战略资源,也是我国的优势资源。截止2015年,全球探明天然石墨储量约2.3亿吨,中国占全球储量的24%,中国石墨矿石以鳞片状晶质类型为主,次为隐晶质类型。我国石墨产品产量约100~120万吨,出口量约占石墨产量的20%,占国际市场贸易量的60%,为世界上最大的石墨生产国、出口国;出口产品结构以初级原料为主,进口产品以高档石墨制品为主。最新勘查表明,我国查明晶质石墨矿物量2.6亿吨,优质石墨资源潜力巨大,但我国并不是石墨强国,资源应有的经济和战略价值没有得到充分体现。鉴于此,笔者提出四点建议:1.转变勘查方向,摸清优质大鳞片石墨资源家底。2.加强对石墨企业整合,培养优质产业集团。3.加强市场研究和定位,尽快实现产业现代化。4.成立产业联盟,指导行业健康发展。
中文关键词:石墨  储量  资源潜力  产业
 
The Characteristics of Graphite Resources and Prospect of Reserves in China
Abstract:Graphite ore is an important strategic and advantageous resource in our Country. By 2015, it has been proven that there is a reserves of about 230 million tons of natural graphite all over the world, and China accounts for 24% of global reserves. Graphite ores in China are dominated by flake-like crystals and sub-cryptocrystalline. As the largest graphite producer and exporter in the world, Graphite products production in our country is about 1-1.2 million tons, and exports accounts for about 20% of it, accounting for 60% of the international trade market. In China, the structure of the export products gives great importance on primary raw materials, while the imported products are mainly high-grade graphite products. The latest survey shows that China has identified reserves of 2.6 billion tons of the crystalline graphite. Although there is a tremendous potential resources of the high quality graphite ore, China is not a graphite power and the economic and strategic value of its resources have not been fully reflected. Therefore, the author puts forward four suggestions: 1. Change the direction of exploration, and find out the resources of the high quality large-flake graphite. 2. Strengthen the integration of graphite enterprises, and develop high-quality industrial groups. 3. Strengthen the market research and positioning to achieve industrial modernization as soon as possible. 4. Set up industry alliance to guide the healthy development of the industry.
keywords:Graphite  reserves  resources potential  industry  
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