滇西北高寒地区金属矿山土地复垦技术探究:以普朗铜矿区为例
投稿时间:2015-05-18  修订日期:2015-09-22  点此下载全文
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作者单位E-mail
杨俊鹏 中国矿业大学北京 20448649@qq.com 
戴华阳 中国矿业大学北京 dhy@cumtb.edu.cn 
赵溪 云南迪庆有色金属有限责任公司  
徐伯恩 云南迪庆有色金属有限责任公司  
刘大为 中国地质大学北京北京  
中文摘要:滇西北高寒地区是我国生态脆弱和环境敏感的典型地区之一,矿山开采建设对土地造成的损毁难以自然恢复,且人工复垦难度较大。本文重点研究高寒地区金属矿山土地复垦的技术和方法,以普朗铜矿区为例,通过实地调查和资料分析,获得如下结论:一是滇西北高寒地区土地复垦限制因素为该区生态系统分异复杂、海拔高、气候寒冷、干湿交替和冻融循环;二是该区土地复垦技术流程与方法为开展试验研究、表土剥离与处置、土地平整与客土、边坡治理、土壤改良和植被恢复等。
中文关键词:土地复垦  金属矿山  普朗铜矿  滇西北
 
Study on the Technology of Land Rehabilitation of Metal Mine Area in Alpine Region of Northwestern Yunnan: a case study of taking Pulang Copper Mine Area
Abstract:The alpine area of Northwest Yunnan is one of ecological fragile and environment sensitive zone of China, and it is very difficult to recover the environment naturally and manually if the soil are damaged during the mining exploration. This paper takes Pulang copper mine as an example to research the land rehabilitation technologies and methods by doing fieldwork and data analysis. The conclusions are: (1) the restrictive factors of soil rehabilitation alpine area of Northwest Yunnan are complicated ecological system diversity, high altitude, cold climate, Alternate Drying-Wetting and freezing-thawing cycles; (2) the land rehabilitation technologies are experimental study, topsoil stripping and disposal, land leveling and soil transporting, Slope Treatment, soil dressing, vegetation recovery and so on.
keywords:land rehabilitation  metal mine  Pulang Copper mine  northwest Yunnan
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