锰矿资源现状及开发利用思考
投稿时间:2015-05-07  修订日期:2015-05-07  点此下载全文
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作者单位E-mail
雷晓力 中国地质调查局发展研究中心 392674881@qq.com 
胡永达 中国地质调查局发展研究中心  
杜轶伦 中国地质调查局发展研究中心 dylbeijing@163.com 
张福良 中国地质调查局发展研究中心  
王丹 中国地质调查局发展研究中心  
中文摘要:锰在地壳中大量存在,广泛用于钢铁、冶金、电子、化工等行业和部门。世界锰矿资源总量比较丰富,但分布不均,南非、乌克兰和巴西的资源总量占世界总量排名前三。我国锰矿资源分布不均,且以贫矿为主,平均品位差,这是我国锰资源消费得不到满足的一个主要原因。近年来,通过开展找矿突破战略行动,锰矿找矿实现了重大突破,在贵州铜仁还有望形成新的锰矿资源基地。2009-2012年,全球锰矿产量总体呈上升趋势,开采量总体保持平稳,而进口方面,南非也已经超越澳大利亚成为我国锰矿最大供应国。基于当前锰矿仍为我国短缺矿产,对外依存度高、需求量大等实际情况,本文在以上分析的基础上,提出了几点思考建议。
中文关键词:锰矿 资源储量 勘查 开发利用
 
Thinking of status and development of the manganese ore resource utilization
Abstract:There are a lot of manganese in the crust, widely used in iron and steel, metallurgy, electronics, chemical and other industries and sectors. Total manganese ore resources in the world is rich, but unevenly distributed. South Africa, Ukraine and Brazil's is the top three of the world's total ore resources. China's manganese resources are unevenly distributed and mainly to lean ore with an average grade difference, which is a major consumer of manganese resources are not met. In recent years, by conducting prospecting breakthrough strategic action, manganese ore to achieve a major breakthrough in Tongren is also expected to form a new manganese ore resource base. 2009-2012, the global manganese production overall upward trend, exploitation is generally stable, while the import side, South Africa also has surpassed Australia to become China's largest supplier of manganese ore. Manganese is still based on the current shortage of mineral resources, high dependence on foreign demand, the actual situation, on the basis of the above analysis, we propose Reflections recommendations.
keywords:Manganese  Reserves  Exploration  Exploitation
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