|Abstract:Cadmium is an important nonferrous metal, and is widely used in different industrial fields. In beginning of the 21th century, with the rapid development of industrialization, the development of cadmium increased dramatically in the world. China is one of the countries owning a large amount of cadmium resources in the world, its cadmium reserve and production rank first in the world. Based on the analysis of the distribution, characteristics, reserves, production and consumption of the cadmium resources, the main problems of development in cadmium resources in china, such as serious environmental pollution, low recycle use of cadmium, too high cadmium production, are put forward. In order to respond to the dilemma, the authors put forward some sustainable suggestions of enhancing environmental protection consciousness, improving the response capacity; paying attention to recycling, strictly controlling the production and improving the mining, milling and smelting technology.