世界主要煤炭资源国煤炭供需形势分析及行业发展展望
投稿时间:2014-03-25  修订日期:2014-07-03  点此下载全文
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作者单位E-mail
王伟东 中国地质大学北京 375574201@qq.com 
李少杰 中国地质大学北京  
韩九曦 中国地质调查局发展研究中心  
基金项目:中国地质调查局“境外地质矿产信息综合研究与开发利用”项目资助(编号:12120114018901);中国地质调查局“全球主要矿产资源分布与潜力分析研究”项目资助(编号:1212011120327)。
中文摘要:煤炭资源在全球分布广泛,但是资源丰度不均匀。本文对世界主要的煤炭生产和消费国家进行了煤炭需求、资源保障和供需形势分析,结合相应国家煤炭在一次性能源中的比重,提出全球煤炭行业未来发展趋势:俄罗斯、澳大利亚煤炭开采价值高,是未来煤炭主要出口国家;印度、日本将成为全球煤炭消费大国,在国际煤炭市场上将与中国竞争进口煤炭;煤炭贸易全球化成为必然趋势。在此基础上,针对我国煤炭资源形势,提出以下建议:调整一次性能源结构,实现能源的多元化配置;适当增加煤炭勘查投入,形成煤炭生产和储量增长同步发展;加强煤炭开采技术研究;提高煤炭利用率,高效高能的利用煤炭能源;加强与中国周边煤炭资源国合作,降低煤炭进口运输成本。
中文关键词:世界煤炭资源  供需形势  一次性能源结构  煤炭资源国  煤炭行业展望
 
Analysis of the main global coal resource countries’ supply-demand structural trend and coal industry outlook
Abstract:Coal resources distributed widely but uneven around the world. In this paper, a thorough analysis had been made on coal demand, resource guarantee, the demand and supply in the major coal producing and consuming countries around the world. And this research has put forward a trend of the development of global coal industry combined with the corresponding proportion of primary energy source in some related countries: Russia and Australia will be the foremost coal exporting countries in the future on account of high exploitation value; India and Japan will become the countries which are the chief coal consuming country. Moreover,they will compete with China on coal importing in the international coal market; the globalization of coal trading has become an inevitable trend. Based on what has been discussed above, this research proposes some suggestions for the situation of coal resources in China: adjusting primary energetic structure and achieving diversified energetic distribution; increasing investment of coal exploration appropriately in order to form a simultaneous development of coal producing and reserves growth; intensifying coal mining technology research; improving the coal utilization, high-efficiency energetic consuming; strengthening coal resources cooperation with neighboring countries and reducing coal importing transportation costs.
keywords:world's coal resources  supply-demand structural trend  primary energy structure  coal resource country  coal industry outlook
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