钻井水溶法开采的地表沉陷预计研究
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王刚,郭广礼,周春蓉,谭显龙,郑杰炳 1. 外生成矿与矿山环境重庆市重点实验室(重庆地质矿产研究院),重庆400042
煤炭资源与安全开采国家重点实验室重庆研究中心,重庆400042
2. 国土环境与灾害监测国家测绘局重点实验室(中国矿业大学)
,江苏徐州221116
江苏省资源环境信息工程重点实验室(中国矿业大学),江苏徐州221116 
基金项目:国家自然科学基金重点项目,国家公益性行业基金
中文摘要:为了准确预计钻井水溶法开采后对地表产生的移动和变形,基于钻井水溶法开采特点,利用由不溶矿物形成的结晶水物质的膨胀率,建立了钻井水溶法开采的等价采高模型。此外,还分析了随机介质理论用于钻井水溶法开采地表沉陷预计的可行性。在阐述概率积分法基本原理的基础上,通过借鉴国内外条带水砂充填开采的预计实例,求得了钻井水溶法开采的概率积分法预计参数,并结合工程实例,利用概率积分法预计了某盐矿开采后引起的地表移动变形。结果表明:建立在上覆岩层软弱、顶板跨落基础上的概率积分预计方法适用于钻井水溶法开采的地表沉陷预计,且钻井水溶法开采后引起的地表移动变形值远小于相同条件下的煤矿开采。
中文关键词:钻井水溶法开采  等价采高模型  概率积分法  预计参数  沉陷预计
 
Research on surface subsidence prediction for drilling solution mining
Abstract:In order to accurately predict the surface movement and deformation from drilling solution mining,the equivalent mining height model for drilling solution mining was established based on the characteristics of drilling solution mining and the expansion of crystallization of water substance which from insoluble mineral.In addition,the feasibility that using random medium theory to predict surface subsidence from drilling solution mining was analyzed.Furthermore,on the basis of describing the basic principle of probability integral method,the probability integral method prediction parameters for drilling solution mining was solved by learningfrom the mining of sand filling with water.Besides,the surface movement and deformation from drilling solution mining for a salt was predicted.The result shows that probability integral method which based on overburden weak and roof cross off is suitable for drilling solution mining,and the surface movement and deformation from drilling solution mining is smaller than that from coal mining under the same conditions.
keywords:drilling solution mining  equivalent mining height model  probability integral method  prediction parameter  subsidence prediction
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