当前矿产资源形势的基本特点
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刘树臣,崔荣国,郭娟,徐桂芬 国土资源部信息中心,北京,100812 
中文摘要:受世界经济增速减缓的影响,2011年四季度以来,主要矿产品需求萎缩,融资难度加大,成本不断上升,铁、铜、铝、铅、锌、镍等金属价格下降,矿业股市下跌,全球矿业又一次进入下行期。但我国矿产资源运行平稳,需求内紧外松,短期缓解、长期趋紧,采矿业固定资产投资逐季度提高,矿产品供应能力不断增强,大宗矿产进口持续增长,重要矿产品价格高位剧烈振荡,矿产权市场活跃。
中文关键词:全球矿业  资源形势  矿产品  贸易
 
The Characteristics of the current situation of mineral resources
Abstract:As the world economic growth is slowing,the demand of major mineral commodities has been shrinking since the fourth quarter of 2011.At the same time,financing is more and more difficult,and the mining cost is rising,and the prices of iron ore,copper,aluminum,lead,zinc,nickel and other metal have declined,and mining stocks have fallen.As a result,the global mining has entered again into the down phase.However,the demestic situation of mineral resources runs smooth.The demand of mineral resources is tight in China and loose in the world,which will be relieving in short-term and tightening in long-term.First,the mining fixed asset investment growth has increased by quarter.Second,the supply capability of mineral products has been increasing constantly.Third,the imports of important minerals kept going up.Fourth,the prices of important mineral commodities have kept fluctuating at high level.At last,the markets of exploration and mining rights are active.
keywords:global mining  the situation of mineral resources  mineral production  foreign trade
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